1944 - Marshal Tito, Time cover (Ilustration Boris Chaliapin, Time, NY, October 9, No. 15)

Josip Broz Tito (Kumrovec 1892 - Ljubljana 1980) The Communist Party of Yugoslavia, led by Tito, was the organiser of resistance and Peoples' Liberation Movement in Yugoslavia against the Axis Powers in 1941-1945, but led the renewal of the state and socialist social development in Yugoslavia after 1945. Tito was its first and lifelong President.

After the capitulation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia organised the People's Liberation War (NOR). Thus, in Belgrade, on 4 July 1941, the Communist party of Yugoslavia decided to start massive popular rebellion. This rebellion marked the beginning of the struggle for the liberation of Yugoslavia with the participation of all the peoples of the then state. In Serbia, the rebellion was announced on 7 July and in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina on 27 July 1941. From the beginning, the Peoples' Liberation Movement, aimed at bringing together all the peoples of Yugoslavia into the united front in the struggle against occupying forces, was based on the principles of equality, brotherhood and unity.

To this end, prevailingly multi-ethnic partisan units were formed. At the same time, leaders of the resistance movement worked actively on a political and administrative organisation in liberated territories. Key decisions and fundamental legal acts and decisions were taken at the sessions of the Anti-fascist Council of the Peoples' Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ), out of which the first one was held in Bihać on 26-27 November 1942, and the second one in Jajce on 29 November 1943. These sessions were actually national assemblies organised for the reinstatement of Yugoslavia. This new Yugoslavia was born as a state made of several federal units.

Special attention was paid to the solution of the national question. With this very aim, the National Anti-fascist Council of the Peoples' Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ZAVNOBiH) was formed in Mrkonjić-Grad on 25 November 1943; it reaffirmed the statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina and equality of all of its peoples and ethnic minorities.