1992 - Shattered portrait of Josip Broz Tito after the anti-war rally in Sarajevo, photo Milomir Kovačević Strašni

On 2 January 1990, the official paper of the Socialist League of the Working People of the SRBiH, the daily Oslobođenje appeared without the heading "Comrade Tito, we swear to you", which might have been interpreted as a minor editorial intervention, yet it announced many things. 

The same day the Presidency of the SR of Bosnian and Herzegovina issued a press release in which founding of the parties and organisations (in Croatia and Serbia), primarily Croat Democratic Union (HDZ) and Serbian Restoration Movement (SPO) was considered to be a "manifestation of tragic ideas nourished by Ustashe and Chetniks and other reactionary and fascist forces". 

All this meant that the Communist league was losing its position of a leading ideological social force. National parties were founded in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the middle of 1990. The Party of Democratic Action was founded first in May. Its first president was Alija Izetbegović, a lawyer from Sarajevo. Serbian Democratic Party was founded upon the incentive by Vladimir Srebrov, a writer from Sarajevo, and soon afterwards, Croat Democratic Union whose first president was Davor Perinović, a physician from Sarajevo. The three parties created an "anticommunist coalition" and were the protagonists of the political processes, which led the peoples, and the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the war after the elections for the Presidency and the Parliament of SRBiH held on 18 November 1990. 

Radovan Karadžić, a psychiatrist and a writer, became the leader of SDS very soon after its foundation, and Stjepan Kljuić, a journalist became a leader of HDZ. Alija Izetbegović, Radovan Karadžić and Stjepan Kljuić were a political trio who promised the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to have a state "like Switzerland".